Filipino Calendar 2013
In two words, the Philippines is like ‘halo-halo’ (literally, mix-mix). It is a country of aboriginal people, intermarriage with the Malay, the Chinese, and during the long Spanish occupation, the ‘mestizos’ (mixed). In the south, of course, Arab influence can still be felt in Mindanao. But the most radical influence came from the Americans. It is this hodgepodge of influences that make up the Filipino calendar 2013.
New Year – Just like any western-influenced country, the Philippine New Year is celebrated with aplomb. The traditional bamboo cannon was replaced by firecrackers when the Chinese arrived. This is to drive away bad sprits that are inauspicious in welcoming the New Year. Pyrotechnics are done on the eve of December 31. Families gather together as the clock strikes midnight to share ‘media noche’ or night dinner.
Monday to Tuesday, 31 December 2012 to 1 January 2013
Chinese New Year – The Filipinos have traded with the Chinese long before the Spanish ‘discovered’ the Philippines. This resulted to intermarriages that have bred ‘tsinoys’ (a combination of Tsino and Pinoy, slang terms for Chinese and Filipino ethnicities) and Chinese celebrations in the Filipino calendar 2013.
Thursday, 24 January 2013
Araw ng mga Puso
Valentine’s Day – The concept of Valentine’s Day was no doubt brought about by the Americans. On this day, lovers of all length of engagements flock together in ‘plazas’ or town squares for one big celebrations, or go out to dinner for more privacy and romance.
Thursday, 14 February 2013
Good Friday – The Filipinos are 95% Catholic, so any religious event is bound to be a national holiday. This is the day when Christ was nailed and died on the cross. Some devout Filipinos take this day of agony, literally. At night, Catholics flock to the church to kiss the toes of the icon of the dead Christ, a ter known as ‘dalaw.’
Friday 29 March 2013
Linggo ng Pagkabuhay
Easter Sunday – ‘Salubong’ is when Mary and Jesus, after rising from the dead, meet. A mass then ensues.
Sunday, 31 March 2013
Araw ng Kagitingan
Day of Valor – This is the day that memorializes the bravery of Filipino fighters during World War II.
Tuesday, 9 April 2013
Araw ng Kalayaan
Independence Day – This is the day when Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, then president of the Republic, read the Declaration of Independence from Mother Spain on June 12, 1898.
Wednesday, 12 June 2013
Araw na Manggagawa
Labor Day – Philippines has an abundance of skilled talents, but it equally has an ocean of blue collar workers that are celebrated and honored on this day.
Wednesday, 1 May 2013
End of Ramadan – Mindanao is a large portion of the Philippines in the south, and out of respect to the Filipinos’ Muslim brothers, this holiday was instituted, albeit only in recent years.
Monday, 20 August 2013
Araw ni Ninoy
Ninoy Aquino Day – This is the day that memorializes the assassination of the Philippine senator and father of the incumbent president, Sen. Benigno ‘Ninoy’ Aquino.
Wednesday, 21 August 2012
Araw ng mga Bayani
National Heroes’ Day – This is the day that celebrates all past and present national heroes of the country, in particular, the overseas Filipino workers who are considered the modern heroes of the economy.
Monday, 26 August 2013
Undas/Araw ng mga Patay
All Souls’ Day – This is the day that Filipino families visit and clean the tombs of their departed, light candles, offer prayers and food.
Friday, 1 November 2013
Kaarawan ni Andres Bonifacio
Bonifacio Day – This day celebrates the birthday of the Filipino hero in the Spanish revolution, Andres Bonifacio. Militants consider him the rightful hero because he represented the masses.
Saturday, 30 November 2013
Christmas Day – Just like all other countries in the Christendom, Christmas here is celebrated with toys, decorations, gifts, sumptuous dinners and family reunions. Masses remind the faithful the real meaning behind Christmas, and that is the coming of the savior.
Wednesday, 25 December 2013
Anibersaryo ng Pagkamatay ni Rizal
Rizal Day – This day in the Filipino calendar 2013 commemorates the heroic deeds of Jose Rizal, and his death by firing squad in Luneta Park.
Monday, 30 December 2013